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Annual Reports

1995Competitive Grants

The UC Statewide Project funds IPM research and implementation projects through two different competitive grant programs.

The first is the IPM Project's own UC IPM Project Competitive Grants Program, which is funded through state funds given directly to the project for that purpose. This program is the larger of the programs. Projects funded through the UC IPM Project Competitive Grants Program are generally applied research programs with a time span of two to three years. These projects are expected to result in techniques or tools that will help growers or other pest management practitioners make better decisions but often don't carry the program directly to the user. These grants are available to principal investigators who are academic members of UC's Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources.

The USDA-ES Smith-Lever IPM Implementation Program funds projects designed to promote use of IPM practices by growers, homeowners, or public agencies. Often these projects can take research results learned in the UC IPM Project Competitive Grants Program to the user, frequently adapting programs to allow for regional differences. Smith-Lever funding is generally for one year, although grants may be renewed for a second year or more; at least one principal investigator in the Smith-Lever proposals must be an academic employee of UC Cooperative Extension.

A gift from Lucky Stores has made possible the Integrated Pest Management Internship Program which provides financial support to students who want to help improve IPM in California agriculture.



UC IPM Project Competitive Grants Program

The IPM Project accepts proposals for research relating to priorities specified by its workgroups in any commodity or situation where pest management is an issue. In 1995-96, 37 research projects were funded. Funded projects were submitted by UC academic staff headquartered on the three California campuses with Agricultural Experiment Stations and in the Cooperative Extension regions. A total of 40 new proposals and 22 continuing project proposals were received for peer review.

Currently, IPM workgroups focus on research in five areas:

Each IPM workgroup has established criteria and priorities for funding in its research area. Workgroup members review proposals and progress reports submitted to their workgroups for scientific merit and make recom-mendations to the Technical Committee. All funded proposals must meet the minimum criteria of the workgroup as well as one or more of the IPM Project's overall general goals. Each workgroup consists of six to eight individuals having expertise in the research area. Members are appointed by the Project Director for three-year rotating terms, and each member routinely contributes several days of time to the peer review process. The workgroup members are selected to represent diverse pest management and production disciplines as well as the Agricultural Experiment Station on each campus and Cooperative Extension. The chair of each IPM workgroup serves on the IPM Project Technical Committee. Workgroup evaluations and recommendations are presented to the Technical Committee in March. The Technical Committee, chaired by the Associate Director for Research, must consider the evaluations from all the workgroups and make recommendations to the Project Director. Final funding decisions are made by the Project Director.

Research priorities and currently funded projects for each IPM workgroup are listed in the pages that follow. New proposals must be received by the Project Director by January 16, 1996 to be considered for funding. Progress reports for all projects funded in 1994-95 are due to the Project Director by January 3, 1996.




UC IPM RESEARCH SCHEDULE 1995-96

October
Call for Proposals for 1995-96 research projects sent out.

January 3
Progress reports for all projects funded in 1994-95 due to UC IPM Director.

January 16
Deadline for receipt of new research proposals by UC IPM Director.

February 1
Final reports for all projects that ended June 1995 due to UC IPM Director.

February-early March
IPM Workgroups meet to review new proposals.

March
Technical Committee meets in Davis to recommend funding for new proposals for 1996-97 funding.

April
UC IPM Director makes final funding decisions and notifies principal investigators.

July 1
Beginning of 1996-97 funding year.



USDA-ES Smith-Lever Competitive Grants Program

Since 1988-89, the UC IPM Project has administered the federal USDA Smith-Lever IPM Project funds given to the University to promote the implementation of IPM practices to growers, homeowners, and public agencies. Funds are given to support demonstrations, field days, and other methods of dissemination that will encourage growers and other potential users to adopt environmentally sound IPM practices. Priority is given to proposals that lead to

  • reduced pesticide use
  • reduced pest damage
  • reduced cost of pest control
  • increased effectiveness of pest control.

In general, funds are not used to develop IPM techniques, but are used to validate, implement, and evaluate newly developed or existing techniques. Funds are also allocated on a competitive grant basis to Cooperative Extension specialists and farm advisors.

Twelve projects were funded in 1994-95; these are listed at the link below, along with project summaries for 1993-94.

Projects Funded for 1994-95
Project Summaries for 1993-94

The deadline for submitting 1995-96 proposals is November 15, 1995. Contact the IPM Project Director for more information on this program.




SMITH-LEVER IPM PROGRAM CALENDAR 1995-96

September
Call for Proposals for 1995-96 implementation projects sent out.

November 15
Proposals due to UC IPM Director.

December 15
Principal investigators notified of funding decision (if federal funds have been released).

October 11
Deadline for receipt of progress reports.



Lucky Stores Internships

A gift from Lucky Stores has made possible the Integrated Pest Management Internship Program. This program is designed to provide financial support to students who want to help improve IPM in California agriculture. The program provides students with field experience in pest management and trains them in how to design and conduct agricultural experiments.

To be eligible for internships, students must be currently enrolled graduate or undergraduate students at the University of California or California State University. Each intern is sponsored by a staff person of the University of California Cooperative Extension or Experiment Station. The sponsor is responsible for administration of the grant funds, submits progress reports, and works closely with the intern in project design and analysis. IPM Internships funded for 1995 are listed below.


Internships Funded for 1995

Determination of the effectiveness of reduced rates of trifluralin at layby for weed control in tomatoes.

Sponsor: W. T. Lanini, Vegetable Crops, Davis; Intern: B. R. Correiar, Vegetable Crops, Davis

Budget: $6,000

Objectives:
Evaluate the effect of varying, reduced rates of trifluralin as a banded application at layby on control of grasses, pigweed, lambsquarter, seedling field bindweed, and velvetleaf.
Evaluate the effect of varying, reduced rates of trifluralin as a banded application at layby on tomato yield and fruit quality.


Using a fruit freezing method to detect symptomless (latent) infections of Monolinia fructicola in stone fruits in California.

Sponsor: T. J. Michailides, Plant Pathology, Davis/Kearney Agricultural Center, Parlier; Intern: K. Tsuda, Microbiology, California Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo

Budget: $6,000

Objectives:
Validate the fruit freezing method we developed in 1993 (and expanded in 1994) for detection of symptomless latent infections in plums and prunes.
Repeat and complete the study in establishing relations between incidence of brown rot of immature and mature plums and prunes at harvest and postharvest with symptomless infections of green fruits.


Using baiting and dyeing technologies to determine the source of an infestation of western subterranean termite, Reticulitermes hesperus.

Sponsor: V. R. Lewis, Environmental Science, Policy and Management, Berkeley; Intern: S. B. Suoja, Entomology, Berkeley

Budget: $5,567.50

Objectives:
Determine whether the source of a persistent termite infestation is aerial or subterranean in nature using dyeing technology.


A test of potential border plant to control crucifer crop pests.

Sponsor: W. E. Chaney, UC Cooperative Extension, Monterey County; Intern: D. Bigger, Biology, Santa Cruz

Budget: $4,912

Objectives:
Examine the usefulness of a general method for identifying potential border plants to enhance biological control of crop pests.


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