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Educational Materials: Detailed Descriptions

Integrated Pest Management for Floriculture and Nurseries

Published 2001 · Publication 3402 · 422 pages

How to order
List of contents

Photo of the book, integrated pest Management for Floriculture and Nurseries.

California's $2.5 billion-a-year flower, foliage, and nursery crops industry will benefit from the fourteenth and largest of the IPM manuals. This publication will help users create better crops, more profit, and a healthier environment. Integrated Pest Management for Floriculture and Nurseries was written for growers, farm advisors, IPM scouts, pesticide applicators, pest control advisers, and students. It provides information on pests affecting bulbs, cut flowers, potted flowering plants, foliage plants, bedding plants, and ornamental trees and shrubs grown in the field, greenhouse, and nursery.

Well-Illustrated

This IPM manual contains more than 300 high-quality color photographs and 164 line art illustrations and tables. Individual chapters detail the prevention, diagnosis, and management of abiotic disorders, pathogenic diseases, insects and mites, nematodes, and weeds. Detailed crop tables give you a symptom-based guide for accurately diagnosing problems and gives the recommended controls for more than 120 flower and foliage species. Sample pages

IPM Principles and Tactics

Floriculture and nursery managers are increasingly adopting IPM principles and tactics. Benefits of IPM methods include reducing pesticide resistance; minimizing phytotoxicity and disruptions that occur from pesticide reentry intervals; and reducing the costs of pesticide purchases, application labor, and regulatory compliance.

You'll Learn...

  • how to establish an IPM program for your nursery
  • techniques for managing pests in flower and nursery crops
  • how good cultural practices can nip problems in the bud
  • disease control techniques for root and crown decays, vascular wilt diseases, and pathogens infecting flowers and foliage
  • how to identify and manage aphids, leafminers, thrips, whiteflies, and mites
  • management methods for weeds
  • how to identify and manage nematodes

IPM for Floriculture and Nurseries was written by Steve H. Dreistadt, photographs are by Jack Kelly Clark, and Mary Louise Flint served as technical editor.


How to order

This publication is available from the UC ANR Communication Services catalog. It is also available by mail, by telephone, or through the ANR sales offices and many UC County Cooperative Extension offices. For locations and more information, see "How to Order Publications."


List of Contents

Integrated Pest Management for Floriculture and Nurseries
Managing Pests in Flower and Nursery Crops
  • Crop production and IPM planning · Pest Prevention · Sanitation and exclusion · Environmental management and cultural practicesMonitoring · Scouting benefits · Scouting costs and crop quality · Beginning a monitoring program · The scout · Communication · Pest management units · How to monitor · How much to monitor · Selecting plants for inspection · How to examine plants ·  Indicator plants · Key plants · Presence-absence sampling · Monitor control efficacy ·Inspect growing areas ·  Keep written records · Use a computerDiagnosing Problems · Thresholds · Why use thresholds · When to treat · How to establish thresholdsManagement · Mechanical control · Environmental or physical control · Cultural control · Biological control · Chemical control · Sanitation and Exclusion (Make the growing area pest-free before planting · Start with high-quality stock · Keep pests out of growing areas · Growing media treatments) · Environmental Management and Cultural Practices (Resistant cultivars · Alternative crops · Crop rotation · Fallowing · Planting design · Avoid continuous cropping · Planting time · Properly care for crops) · Pesticides (Types of pesticides · Pesticides are toxic · Selectivity · Persistence · Phytotoxicity · Resistance · Applying pesticides effectively · High-volume applications · Low-volume applications · Monitoring spray coverage)
Abiotic Disorders and Cultural Practices
  • Water Excess or Deficiency · Edema · Irrigation Frequency (Tensiometers · Container weight changes ·Evapotranspiration · Irrigation frequency strategies) · Irrigation Methods (Overhead · Drip · Subirrigation) · Water Quality · Recirculated and Reclaimed Water · Salts · pH · Growing Media · Moisture · Aeration · Testing · Heat-treatment induced media toxicity · Containers · Fertilization · Nutrient Disorders ·  Nitrogen · Iron and manganese · Phosphorus · Boron Pesticides and Phytotoxicity · Light · Sunburn · Sunscald · Excess or deficient light · Container Spacing · Ventilation · Temperature and Cold · Chilling · Frost and freezing · Greenhouse ·  cooling · Physical and Mechanical Injury · Carbon Dioxide · Ethylene · Air Pollution ·  Ozone · Sulfur oxides
Diseases
  • Types of Pathogens ·  Fungi · Bacteria · Viruses · Phytoplasmas Monitoring · Record keeping · Tools and help · Diagnosing Disease ·  Disease-inducing conditions · Management · Sanitation · Growing Media Treatments (Sterilization versus pasteurization · Steam and heat · Solarization · Composting · Disease-suppressive compost · Fumigation · Disinfecting soilless growing media · Sanitizing containers using heat) · Disinfectants · Quality Propagation Material · Heat Treatment of Plants · Environmental Management (Temperature and heating · Humidity · Condensation · Ventilation · Light · Computers) · Cultural Practices (Irrigation · Water treatment · Drainage · Fertilization · Crop rotation · Fallowing · Deep plowing · Flooding · Planting time) · Weed and Insect Control · Biological Control · Suppressive Soils · Mycorrhizae · Pesticides · ROOT, CROWN, AND STEM DISEASES · Damping-Off · Root and Crown Decays · Pythium Root Rots · Phytophthora Root and Crown Rots · Rhizoctonia Root Rot · Thielaviopsis Root Rot · Armillaria Root Rot · Dematophora Root Rot · Bacterial Soft Rots · Cottony Rot · Southern Blight · Botryosphaeria Canker and Dieback · Crown Gall · VASCULAR WILT DISEASES · Fusarium Wilt · Verticillium Wilt · Bacterial Wilts · FOLIAR AND FLOWER DISEASES · Gray Mold · Powdery Mildews · Downy Mildews · Sooty Molds · Leaf Spots · Fungal Leaf Spots (Alternaria · Septoria · Anthracnoses · Heterosporium) · Bacterial Spots and Blights · Rusts (Chrysanthemum White Rust) · Fasciation · Viruses (Impatiens Necrotic Spot and Tomato Spotted Wilt) · Phytoplasmas (Aster Yellows)
Insects, Mites, and Other Invertebrates
  • Life Cycles ·  Damage · Diagnosing Problems · Monitoring · Sticky traps · Shaking plants · Degree-day monitoring · Thresholds · Management ·  Sanitation · Exclusion (Insect screening · Ultraviolet-absorbing films and screens · Row covers · Reflective mulch · Barriers) · Cultural Controls · Mass Trapping  · Biological Control (Pathogens · Parasites · Predators · Kinds of biological control · Releasing natural enemies effectively · Releases in an IPM program · Nurse plants) · Important Natural Enemies (Green and brown lacewings · Predaceous bugs · Predaceous beetles · Predaceous flies · Parasitic flies · Parasitic wasps) · Pesticides (Pesticide resistance) · Types of Insecticides (Microbial or biological insecticides · Soap · Oil · Botanicals · Insect growth regular · Pyrethroids · Inorganics · Synthetics) Thrips · Leafminers · Whiteflies ·  Aphids · Mealybugs ·  Scales · Ants ·  Leafhoppers · True Bugs · Fungus Gnats, Moth Flies, and Shore Flies · Bulb Flies · Gall Makers ·  Caterpillars ·  Weevils · White Grubs ·  Cucumber Beetles, Flea Beetles, and Leaf Beetles · Earwigs · Mites · Snails and Slugs · Garden Symphylan ·  Centipedes and Millipedes · Pillbugs and Sowbugs · Springtails
Weeds
  • Thresholds · Monitoring · Management · Weed Control Before Planting · Choose a Weed-Free Growing Site · Prepare the Site · Sanitation and Exclusion · Growing Media · Steam and Heat Pasteurization · Solarization (Field solarization · Field or greenhouse solarization · Greenhouse solarization · Container media solarization) · Repeated Irrigation and Cultivation · Repeated Dry Cultivation · Flame Weeding · Herbicides (Preemergence herbicides · Postemergence herbicides · Selectivity · Phytotoxicity · Herbicide-resistant weeds · Fumigation) · Weed Control Around Crop Plants · Planting Adjustments · Irrigation Management · Herbicide and irrigation coordination · Mulch (Synthetic fabric mulches · Geotextile barrier disks · Organic mulches) · Cover Crops · Hand-Weeding (Hand-pulling · Hoeing · Evaluating hand-weeding and thinning) · Cultivation · Weed Control Outside Growing Areas · Mowing · Screens and Hedgerows · Biological Control · Types of Weeds · ANNUAL WEEDS · Annual Grasses (Annual Bluegrass · Large Crabgrass) · Annual Broadleaf Weeds (Common Groundsel · Cudweeds  · Little Mallow · Lesser-Seeded Bittercress · Common Purslane · Spotted Spurge · Willow Herbs)  · PERENNIAL WEEDS · Bermudagrass · Creeping Fieldcress · Creeping Woodsorrel · Field Bindweed · Nutsedges · Birdseye Pearlwort · White Clover · AQUATIC WEEDS · Common Duckweed · Moss · Liverworts
Nematodes
  • Damage · Identification and Biology · Sampling Nematodes · Management (Sanitation and cultural practices · Heat pasteurization · Solarization · Fumigants · Hot water dips · Amendments and biological control) · Root Knot Nematodes · Foliar Nematodes
Crop Tables
Resources
  • Organizations · Publications · World Wide Web Sites
Suppliers
Suggested Reading
  • Spanish-Language Materials
Literature Cited
Index

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Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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