UC IPM Online UC ANR home page UC IPM home page


SKIP navigation



Educational Materials: Detailed Descriptions

Second Edition
Pests of Landscape Trees and Shrubs
An Integrated Pest Management Guide

Published 2004 · Publication 3359 · 501 pages

How to order
List of contents

Cover of the book, Pests of Landscape Trees and Shrubs, Second Edition.

This comprehensive and authoritative book is an indispensable resource for landscape professionals, pest managers, and home gardeners. A UC Statewide Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program best seller, this book will help you diagnose and manage hundreds of insects, mites, weeds, plant diseases, nematodes, and other plant-care problems that damage landscape trees and shrubs.

Beautifully and Profusely Illustrated

Over 100 University of California researchers, Cooperative Extension advisors and specialists, and landscape professionals contributed to this essential resource.

Problem-Solving Tables

Plant-by-plant guide helps you diagnose and manage pests on hundreds of common woody landscape plants with reference to specific pages for photographs and more detailed information.

Emphasizes environmentally safe, less-toxic pest control methods. This book details how to use an ecologically based strategy called integrated pest management (IPM), including:

  • pest-resistant plants and landscape design to prevent problems
  • planting, irrigating, and other landscape care practices that keep plants healthy
  • biological control
  • less-toxic pesticides such as botanicals, oils, and soaps mulches, soil solarization, pest barriers, and other physical and mechanical controls

This convenient source book covers:

  • designing an IPM program
  • growing healthy trees and shrubs
  • insects, mites, and snails and slugs
  • diseases
  • abiotic disorders
  • weeds, and nematodes

Outstanding Color Photos

This manual has:

    More than 430 high-quality, full-color, professionally taken photographs to help you identify pests, damage symptoms, and natural enemies · 120 line drawings and tables present key IPM techniques · Over 500 information-packed pages · 

Landmark Book

This landmark book is cause for celebration..." —The Millennium Whole Earth Catalog

"An indispensable resource for professional landscape managers and home gardeners alike..." —Arborist News

"The most thorough, balanced, and non-judgmental treatment of pests in the landscape..." —Pacific Horticulture

"Gorgeous and plentiful photographs..." —The IPM Practitioner

Pests of Landscape Trees and Shrubs, second edition, was written by Steve H. Dreistadt, photographs are by Jack Kelly Clark, and Mary Louise Flint served as technical editor.

How to order

This publication is available from the UC ANR Communication Services catalog. It is also available by mail, by telephone, or through the ANR sales offices and many UC County Cooperative Extension offices. For locations and more information, see "How to Order Publications."

List of Contents

Precautions for Using Pesticides
Contributors and Acknowledgments
What's in This Book
Designing an IPM Program
  • Which Organisms are Pests? · IPM Program Components (Prevention · Pest and Symptom Identification · Regular Surveying for Pests · Action Thresholds and Guidelines · How to Establish Thresholds) ·  Management Methods (Cultural Control · Mechanical Control · Physical Control  ·  Biological Control · Chemical Control)
Growing Healthy Trees and Shrubs
  • Growth Requirements · Plant Development and Seasonal Growth · Designing a Pest-Tolerant Landscape (Choose a Good Location  ·  Provide for Roots · Consider Mycorrhizae · Choose the Right Tree or Shrub ·  (Soil · Water · Climate · Cold, Heat, Light, and Wind · Select Healthy Plants · Pest Resistance · Plant Compatibility) · Site Preparation and Planting · Prepare the Site (Assess Drainage · Prepare the Soil · Plant Properly · Staking  ·  Care for Young Trees and Shrubs) · Water Management (Water and Pest Problems · Irrigation. Estimating Irrigation Needs · Irrigation Methods · Conserve Water in Landscapes) · Fertilizing Woody Plants (Fertilization and Pests · When to Fertilize · Nutrient Deficiencies) · Pruning (Reasons for Pruning · Pruning and Pest Management · When to Prune · How to Prune · Avoid Topping Trees) · Injuries, Hazards, and Protecting Landscapes (Protect Trees During Construction · Minimize Fire Hazards · Recognize Hazardous Trees)
Insects, Mites, and Snails and Slugs
  • Damage · Life Cycles · Thresholds · Monitoring and Diagnosing Problems (Sampling · Yellow Sticky Traps · Branch Beating · Degree-Day Monitoring) ·  Management (Mechanical Control (Sticky Barriers) · Physical Control · Biological Control (Importation or Classical · Conservation and Enhancement · Augmentation) ·  Types of Natural Enemies · Birds and Other Vertebrates · Spiders  ·  Mites  ·  Lacewings and Dustywings · Assassin Bugs · Pirate Bugs · Predaceous Flies · Lady Beetles  ·  Predaceous Beetles · Soldier Beetles) ·  Pesticides (Microbial and Biological Insecticides · Botanicals · Inorganics · Insect Growth Regulators · Insecticidal Soaps · Oils · Synthetics) · Foliage-Feeding Caterpillars · Sawflies · Leaf Beetles and Flea Beetles · Weevils · White Grubs and Scarab Beetles · Crickets, Grasshoppers, and Katydids · Ants · Aphids · Adelgids · Psyllids · Whiteflies · Mealybugs · Scales · Leafhoppers and Sharpshooters · Treehoppers · Spittlebugs · Cicadas · True Bugs · Thrips · Gall Makers (Ficus Gall Wasp · Oak Gall Wasps · Gall Midges · Ceanothus Stem Gall Moth · Willow Gall Sawflies) · Foliage Miners (Cypress and Arborvitae Foliage Miners · Oak and Birch Casemakers and Skeletonizers · Shield Bearers · Pine Tip Moths) · Twig, Branch, and Trunk Boring Insects (Bark Beetles · Flatheaded Borers · Longhorned Borers · Clearwing Moths · Other Boring Moths · Raspberry Horntail Termites) · Mites · Snails and Slugs · 
  • Types of Pathogens · Monitoring and Diagnosing Diseases · Disease Management (Resistant Plants · Quality Planting Material · Planting Site and Design · Irrigation and Fertilization · Pruning · Sanitation · Weed and Insect Control · Soil Solarization · Biological Control · Beneficial Microorganisms · Fungicides and Bactericides) · Symptoms on Leaves, Twigs, and Stems (Leaf Spots · Oak Branch and Twig Death · Fire Blight · Bacterial Leaf Scorch and Oleander Scorch · Verticillium Wilt · Fusarium Wilt · Dutch Elm Disease · Powdery Mildew · Downy Mildew · Sooty Mold · Rusts · Gray Mold or Botrytis Blight · Camellia Petal Blight · Azalea and Rhododendron Petal Blight · Bacterial Blight and Canker · Bacterial Gall · Drippy Oak and Nut Disease · Fasciation) · Symptoms on Trunks and Branches (Wood Decay in Trunks and Limbs · Canker Diseases · Crown Gall · Wetwood or Slime Flux · Foamy Canker or Alcoholic Flux · Sudden Oak Death · Pink Rot) · Root and Crown Diseases (Armillaria Root Rot · Dematophora Root Rot · Annosus Root Disease · Root and Crown Rot · Pythium Root Rot) · Viruses (Rose Mosaic Viruses · Camellia Yellow Mottle Virus · Nandina Mosaic Virus · Abutilon Mosaic Virus) · Phytoplasmas · 
Abiotic or Noninfectious Disorders
  • Water Deficiency and Excess · Aeration Deficit · Nutrient Deficiencies (Nitrogen · Phosphorus · Potassium · NPK · Iron · Manganese · Zinc · Magnesium) · Nutrient and Mineral Excesses (Nitrogen · Salinity  ·  Boron) · pH (Alkalinity) · Pesticides and Phytotoxicity (Herbicides · Insecticides and Other Pesticides) · Mechanical Injury · Sunlight (Sunburn and Sunscald · Excess or Deficient Light) · Edema · Temperature Extremes (High Temperatures · Freezing and Frost · Hail and Ice) · Wind · Lightning · Gas Injury · Air Pollution
  • Tolerance Levels and Monitoring (Site Surveys · Transect Counts) · Managing Weeds · Designing and Redesigning Landscapes to Avoid Weeds (Headers · Competitive Plantings · Allelopathy) · Preparing the Planting Site (Irrigation · Cultivation · Solarization) · Mulch (Organic Mulch · Synthetic Mulch · Proper Mulch Application and Maintenance) · Controlling Weeds in Established Plantings (Prevent Weed Reproductions · Prevent Weed Introductions  ·  Water and Fertilizer Management · Hand-Pulling · Hoeing · Cultivation · Mowing · Flaming · Hot Water  ·  Biological Control · Chemical Control) · Types of Weeds · Weed Identification · Annual Grasses (Annual Bluegrass · Crabgrass) · Annual Broadleaves (Annual Sowthistle  ·  Common Purslane · Cudweeds · Little Mallow · Spurges · Nutsedges · Willow · Herbs · Sedges (Green Kyllinga  · Nutsedges) · Perennial Grasses (Bamboo  ·  Bermudagrass  ·  Kikuyugrass) · Perennial Broadleaves (Bermuda Buttercup and Creeping Woodsorrel  ·  Blackberries  ·  Dodder  ·  Field Bindweed  ·  Ivy  ·  Periwinkle  ·  Poison Oak  ·  Mistletoes) · Algae, Lichens, and Moss
  • Damage · Identification and Biology (Sampling · Thresholds) ·  Management of Nematodes (Root Knot Nematodes · Root Lesion Nematodes · Dagger Nematodes ·  Ring Nematodes · Stunt Nematodes · Citrus Nematode · Pinewood Nematode · Foliar Nematodes)
Problem-Solving Tables
  • Problem-Solving Guide  ·  Tree and Shrub Pest Tables

Top of page

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
All contents copyright © 2014 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance.

Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

Accessibility   /IPMPROJECT/ADS/manual_landscape.html revised: July 10, 2014. Contact webmaster.