Peach twig borers overwinter in hibernacula, which are sawdust or frass covered cells bored under the thin bark
of limb crotches or bark cracks. Monitor hibernacula only in orchards that did not receive a dormant treatment for
peach twig borer.
Starting at popcorn, examine at least 10 hibernacula each week using the procedure below. Most hibernacula are commonly
found in the crotch of 2- to 3-year-old wood.
- Use a hand lens to find tiny piles of reddish frass that mark the
entrance of the hibernaculum.
wedges of bark around the reddish frass.
- Pinch each wedge of bark to open the hibernaculum, and use a hand lens
to look for a peach twig borer larva. If the larva is not present, it has emerged.
Make the first treatment application when 20 to 40% of the larvae have emerged and the second application 7 to 10
days later or when emergence has reached 80 to 100%. If emergence is spread out, a third spray may be needed when emergence
80 to 100% because of the relatively short time that Bt residues are present at effective levels following application.
Click on photos to enlarge
Peach twig borer hibernacula
Identification tip: Hibernacula are most commonly found in the crotch of 2- or 3-year-old wood. Look for
tiny piles of reddish frass.
Cut out small wedge
Identification tip: Cut out small wedges of bark around the small reddish piles of frass that mark the entrance
of the hibernanculum.
Identification tip: Pinch open a wedge of bark with peach twig borer hibernaculum to see if larva has emerged
Identification tip: Larvae are small, brown caterpillars with white inter-segmental bands and a black head