Bark, wood, and roots can be wounded or injured by people, animals, or adverse environmental conditions.
Wounds can attract boring insects, serve as entry sites for disease-causing organisms, and lead to limb,
root, or trunk failure or death. Injuries are caused by pruning, injections or implants, and by vehicles
or equipment striking bark or compacting soil over roots. Deer, gophers, rabbits, mice, and other animals
damage plants by gnawing bark and wood. Drought, frost, hail, ice, snow, and lightning also can cause
Prevent injuries to landscape plants by protecting
landscapes. Remove and dispose of all recently dead
wood and dying trees. Prevent injuries to roots and aboveground parts. Examine trees regularly to see
that they are receiving proper cultural care.
Wound in tulip tree trunk