How to Manage Pests
Pests in Gardens and Landscapes
The ideal planting time for fruit or nut trees is during the dormancy period in the bare-root stage
during winter or early spring. Plant as soon as possible after receiving them from the nursery, and
do not let them dry out. The roots are very sensitive and must be kept wet and protected from harsh
temperatures. Pack roots in peat moss or similar material and keep plants in cool, shady locations
until ready to plant.
Avoid planting in a hole or a low-lying area to prevent
diseases such as root rot. Plant in raised beds, or on
a ridge or mound of soil several inches high and several
feet across in areas where drainage is poor or soil is
highly amended. Plants will settle as organic matter
in the soil decomposes. The
hole should be about 1.5 to 2 feet wide and about
1.5 feet deep.
When you are ready to plant, remove the packing from
the root system and examine the roots. Cleanly remove
broken or decayed roots prior to planting. Soak the roots
in cool water for about 6 to 12 hours and then place
the tree in the hole, being careful to spread out the
roots. When planting, make sure
all the roots are in their natural position. Avoid
curling them around the planting area. Refill the hole
with the original soil from the site and avoid adding
organic amendments and fertilizers. While refilling the
hole, settle the soil around the roots to avoid air pockets.
Leave the graft union 2 inches above the soil line. Water
in after planting. Fertilizer is not usually necessary
the first year.
planting in a hole; plant in raised beds