How to Manage Pests
Pests in Gardens and Landscapes
Needle cast fungi—Various fungi including Elytroderma, Lophodermella, Lophodermium, Phaeocryptopus, Rhabdocline,
and Rhizosphaera spp.
Needle cast fungi can cause chlorosis, black to brown lesions, or spots or streaks to appear on needles
and stems. Cankers and brown streaks may occur on wood. Branches may die back. Moist conditions favor the growth of needle cast fungi.
Remove nearby plants and weeds, thin the plant
canopy, and prune off lower limbs to reduce humidity.
of needles and black lesions
up of Elytroderma deformans