Bamboo—Bambusa, Fargesia, Pleioblastus, Phyllostachys spp.*
Family Poaceae (Grass family)
Bamboos are giant evergreen grasses. They are available
in many varieties and two growth types: running or clumping. Their
heights may range from 1 to 2 feet in the case of dwarf fernleaf
bamboo to 55 feet for timber bamboo. Hardiness ranges from -20° to
30° F depending on the species. Canes live for several years
but should eventually be removed to maintain a healthy stand. Some
running species tend to spread beyond where they are planted and
become invasive weeds. Consider planting only clumping bamboo species.
Provide a barrier to their spreading rhizomes if running bamboo
species are planted.
*Some species of Bamboo are invasive weeds. Other types of plants may be better choices when planting.
Optimum conditions for growth
Bamboo generally does best in full sun to part
shade. Growth can be restricted by limiting water and fertilizer
or encouraged by monthly heavy watering and feeding, particularly
during the spring growing season. Once established, bamboo will
tolerate periods of drought.