Toyon (Christmas berry)—Heteromeles arbutifolia
Family Rosaceae (Rose family)
Toyon, or Christmas berry, is a widely adapted
evergreen shrub or large tree mostly identified by its thick, leathery,
glossy dark green leaves. In winter, bright red berries adorn the
plant. Flat clusters of small white blooms form during June and
July. This plant is valuable as a screen, small multitrunked tree,
or hedge and bank planting.
Optimum conditions for growth
Toyon does best in full sun to partial shade. It
tolerates dry summer conditions but performs better and sets more
fruit if irrigated occasionally and pruned to stimulate more 1-year-old
wood on which berries are produced.
Toyon leaves and buds