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Three encephalitis mosquito larvae with pH indicator in gut.

Managing Mosquitoes in Stormwater Treatment Devices

Section 6: Conclusion and References

Published 2004

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Section 6: Conclusion

Stormwater treatment devices, especially those that hold permanent sources of standing water by design, create a difficult challenge for public health officials and vector control agencies and may pose a legal liability in states such as California (H&S Code). The best solution to managing mosquito populations in stormwater structures lies in fostering interdisciplinary cooperation among stormwater professionals, municipal planners, public health officials, vector control agencies, and others. Existing and future treatment BMPs must incorporate features and follow guidelines to minimize or eliminate mosquitoes. Contact state or local public health or vector control agencies to discuss local vector issues and provide input and consultation into siting, design, and maintenance of proposed treatment BMPs. Ultimately, a proactive rather than reactive approach saves money, time, effort, and most importantly, ensures the public’s health.

References

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Chanda, D. A., and J. K. Shisler. 1980. Mosquito control problems associated with stormwater control facilities. Proceedings of the New Jersey Mosquito Control Association 67:193-200.

Copeland, C. 1999. Clean Water Act: a summary of the law. Congressional Research Service Report RL30030. Washington, DC: National Council for Science and the Environment. See the NCSE Web site at www.ncseonline.org.

Copeland, C. 2003. Water quality: implementing the Clean Water Act. Congressional Research Service Report IB89102. Washington, DC: National Council for Science and the Environment. See the NCSE Web site at www.ncseonline.org.

Dorothy, J. M., and K. Staker. 1990. A preliminary survey for mosquito breeding in stormwater retention ponds in three Maryland counties. College Park: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Mosquito Control.

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Kluh, S., M. E. Metzger, D. F. Messer, J. E. Hazelrigg, and M. B. Madon. 2002. Stormwater, BMPs, and vectors: The inevitable impact of new BMP construction on local public health agencies. Stormwater 3(2): 40-46.

McLean, J. 2000. Mosquitoes in constructed wetlands: A management bugaboo? In T. R. Schueler and H. K. Holland, eds., The practice of watershed protection. Ellicott City, MD: Center for Watershed Protection. 29-33.

Metzger, M. E., D. F. Messer, C. L. Beitia, C. M. Myers, and V. L. Kramer. 2002. The dark side of stormwater runoff management: Disease vectors associated with structural BMPs. Stormwater 3(2): 24-39.

Metzger, M. E., C. M. Myers, and V. L. Kramer. 2003. The "dark side" of stormwater runoff management: vectors associated with BMPs. Proceedings of the California Mosquito Vector Control Association 70:2-10.

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[UC Peer Reviewed]

Managing Mosquitoes in Stormwater Treatment Devices, UC ANR Publication 8125
Marco E. Metzger, Vector-Borne Disease Section, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento

Copyright © 2004 The Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. All rights reserved.


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