Integrated Pest Management · Agriculture and Natural Resources
University of California
Thousand cankers disease
and walnut twig beetles in California
Thousand cankers disease, caused by the fungus Geosmithia morbida, is killing walnut trees in California and threatens wildland and landscape trees as well as commercial walnuts.
The fungus is spread by a tiny bark beetle, the walnut twig beetle, Pityophthorus juglandis. The fungus enters the tree through the feeding or reproductive activities of the beetle, and colonizes and kills the phloem and cambium of the branches and main stem. As the beetles and pathogen spread, small cankers form and coalesce, girdling branches. Thousand cankers disease gets its name from the large number of dark cankers that rapidly develop on affected branches.
- Field Identification Guide: Walnut Twig Beetle and Thousand Cankers Disease
- Quick Guide: Installing, Maintaining, and Servicing Walnut Twig Beetle Pheromone-baited Traps
- Detecting and Identifying the Walnut Twig Beetle: Monitoring Guidelines