How to Manage Pests
UC Pest Management Guidelines
Nematodes are microscopic, true roundworms. Root galling is associated with root knot nematodes only.
Root knot nematodes may be damaging to the root system if relatively high soil populations are present. Vines become slightly weaker, especially in sandy areas, and fruit size on infected vines is reduced.
Irrigate with greater frequency to avoid plant stress. Remove broadleaf weeds and do not plant cover crops susceptible to root knot nematode where root knot nematode is present.
Nematodes are best controlled before planting because there are no kiwifruit rootstocks that are resistant to root knot nematode. Apply broadcast treatments in October or November the year before planting. The only alternative to fumigation is to not plant kiwifruit after kiwifruit and where root knot nematodes are present in the soil.
|Common name||Amount per acre||R.E.I.‡||P.H.I.‡|
|(example trade name)||(hours)||(days)|
|When choosing a pesticide, consider its usefulness in an IPM program by reviewing the pesticide's properties, efficacy, application timing, and information relating to resistance management and environmental impact. Not all registered pesticides are listed. Always read the label of the product being used.|
|(Telone II)||See comments||See label||NA|
|COMMENTS: The application rate for Telone II cannot exceed 35 gal/acre. In dry soils with slight surface moisture, the overall value of a Telone II treatment is equivalent to that of methyl bromide. Fumigants such as 1,3-dichloropropene are a source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) but are minimally reactive with other air contaminants that form ozone. Fumigate only as a last resort when other management strategies have not been successful or are not available, become familiar with procedures that minimize off-gassing of fumigants.|
|(Vapam HL)||75 gal||See label||NA|
|COMMENTS: Metam sodium* (Vapam HL), applied at a rate of 75 gal/acre delivered uniformly in 6 inches water/acre, can be as effective as Telone II or methyl bromide if: there are no old root systems present containing viable root knot nematode; the orifices of the irrigation delivery system are large enough to avoid misting and thereby volatilization of the product; and the soil and irrigation system can infiltrate 6 acre inches water in 8 hours or less. For this latter requirement, sandy soils without a hardpan are usually suitable, whereas fine sandy loam soils may not be. Fumigants such as metam sodium are a source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) but are minimally reactive with other air contaminants that form ozone. Fumigate only as a last resort when other management strategies have not been successful or are not available, become familiar with procedures that minimize off-gassing of fumigants.|
|‡||Restricted entry interval (R.E.I.) is the number of hours (unless otherwise noted) from treatment until the treated area can be safely entered without protective clothing. Preharvest interval (P.H.I.) is the number of days from treatment to harvest. In some cases the REI exceeds the PHI. The longer of two intervals is the minimum time that must elapse before harvest.|
|*||Permit required from county agricultural commissioner for purchase or use.|
UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines:
UC ANR Publication 3449
M. V. McKenry, Kearney Agricutural Center, Parlier