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UC Pest Management Guidelines


Cultivar selection, dry bean seedling.

Dry Beans

Cultivar Selection

(Reviewed 12/08, updated 12/08)

In this Guideline:


Where possible, choose bean varieties that are resistant to prevalent pathogens and nematodes. Base your choice on disease resistance, growth habit, seed quality, maturity, seed yield potential, area where adapted, and marketability. Use the tables below to help with decisions for blackeye, common, and lima bean varieties.

BLACKEYE (Vigna unguiculata) VARIETAL CHARACTERISTICS

Line Days to maturity Nematode resistance Fusarium wilt race 3 Fusarium wilt race 4 Grain size (g/100 seed)
Planting to threshing 1st flush cut Planting to threshing 2nd flush cut
CB46 98 140 Rk R S 20-21
CB5 102 145 Rk S S 24-25
03-Sh-501 102 145 Rk R R 24-25

Source: Jeff Ehlers, Botany and Plant Sciences, UC Riverside.
KEY:
Rk = Confers strong and moderate resistance to M. incognita and M. javanica root knot nematodes, respectively.
R = Resistant
S = Susceptible
1 Will be released in 2008, potentially under a different name. Certified seed of this new variety will be available for 2009 growing season.

LIMA BEAN (Phaseolis lunatus) VARIETAL CHARACTERISTICS

Type Days to maturity (planting to threshing) Resistance to:
Nematode (root knot) Lygus bug
Baby Limas
Mezcla (vine) 120 S S
UC Cariblanco N (vine) 120 R S
UC Luna (bush) 110 S F
UC 3021 (bush) 110 R (some races) R
UC 2791 (vine) 120 S R
Large Limas
UC White Ventura N2 (vine) 140 R S
Dompe 95 (bush) 130 S S
UC 92 (bush) 130 S S

Source: Steve Temple, Agronomy and Range Science, UC Davis.
KEY:
R = Resistant
S = Susceptible
F = Fairly resistant
1 Due to be released 2009 or 2010
2 Modest acreage on coast

COMMON BEANS (Phaseolis vulgaris) VARIETAL CHARACTERISTICS

Class Days to maturity BCMV #1 BCMV #15 Root rot
Dark red kidney (bush)
CA dark red kidney 37-56 S S S
Charlevoix 37-48 S S S
Montcalm 36-51 R R S
Royal red 34-44 R R S
Light red kidney (bush)
CA light red kidney 37-58 S S S
Linden 38-59 R U S
Manitou 42-50 S S S
Mecosta 50-53 R R S
Red kidney M 38-50 R U S
Redkloud 38-55 R R S
Redkote 40-51 R R S
Ruddy 33-42 U U U
Sacramento 38-52 S S S
Pink (vine)
Gloria 21-35 R R T
Sutter 23-34 S S T
Pinquito 15-16 S U S
Small white
Aurora (short; semi-vine) 11-13 R R T
FM 53 (short; semi-vine) 12-16 R U S
Sal (short; semi-vine) 12-20 R U T
Small white 59 11-13 R U U
Black turtle soup, (short; semi-vine)
Black turtle soup T-39 12-20 S S T
Midnight 12-20 R R T
White kidney (bush)
White kidney 35-47 U U ST

Source: Rachael Long, UCCE Yolo Co.
KEY:
R = Resistant
S = Susceptible
T = Tolerant
U = Unknown

PUBLICATION

[UC Peer Reviewed]

UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Dry Beans
UC ANR Publication 3446
General Information
W. M. Canevari, UC Cooperative Extension, San Joaquin County
C. A. Frate, UC Cooperative Extension, Tulare County
L. D. Godfrey, Entomology, UC Davis
P. B. Goodell, UC IPM Program, Kearney Agricultural Research Center, Parlier
R. F. Long, UC Cooperative Extension, Yolo County
C. J. Mickler, UC Cooperative Extension, Stanislaus County
S. C. Mueller, UC Cooperative Extension, Fresno County
J. L. Schmierer, UC Cooperative Extension Colusa County
S. R. Temple, Plant Sciences,UC Davis

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