How to Manage Pests

UC Pest Management Guidelines


Prune (Dried Plums)

2013 Fungicide Efficacy and Treatment Timing

(Reviewed 3/10, updated 10/13)

In this Guideline:


FUNGICIDE EFFICACY FOR PRUNE (DRIED PLUM) DISEASES

Fungicide Resistance risk (FRAC#)1 Brown rot Russet scab Rust
Blossom Fruit2
Adament medium (3/11) ++++ ++++ ---- +++
Bumper/Tilt2 high (3) ++++ ++++ ---- +++
Distinguish** medium (9/11) ++++ ++ ---- ++
Elite/Tebuzol2,7 high (3) ++++ ++++ ---- +++
Indar2 high (3) ++++ ++++ ---- +++
Inspire Super high (3/9) ++++ ++++ ---- +++
Luna Sensation*2 medium (7/11)4 ++++ ++++ ND ND
Pristine2 medium (7/11)4 ++++ ++++ ND ND
Quash 2 high (3) ++++ ++++ ---- +++
Luna Experience* medium (3/7)4 ++++ ++++ ND ++++
Quadris Top2 medium (3/11)4 ++++ ++++ ND ++++
Quilt Xcel2 medium (3/11)4 ++++ ++++ ND ++++
Rovral + oil2,5 low (2) ++++ NR ---- NR
Scala6 high (9)3,4 ++++ +++6 ---- ND
Topsin-M /T-Methyl/Incognito+ oil2,4 high (1)4 ++++ ++++ ---- ----
Vangard6 high (9)3,4 ++++ +++6 ---- ND
Fontelis high (3) ++++ +++ ---- +++
Elevate2,7 high (17)4 +++ +++ ND ----
Rovral/Iprodione /Nevado2 low (2) +++ NR ---- NR
Topsin-M/T-Methyl/Incognito 2,3 high (1)4 +++ +/- ---- ----
Abound high (11)4 ++ + ---- +++
Botran medium (14) ++ ++ ND ND
Bravo/Chlorothalonil/Echo/Equus8,9,10 low (M5) ++ ++ ++ ----9
Captan7,8,10 low (M4) ++ ++ +++ ----
Gem7 high (11)4 ++ + ---- +++
Rally2 high (3) ++ ++ ---- ----
Sulfur10 low (M2) +/- +/- ---- ++
 
Rating: ++++= excellent and consistent, +++= good and reliable, ++= moderate and variable, += limited and erratic, +/- = often ineffective, ---- = ineffective, ? = insufficient data or unknown, NR=not registered after bloom, and ND=no data
* Registration pending in California.
**Not registered, label withdrawn or inactive
1 Group numbers are assigned by the Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) according to different modes of actions (for more information, see http://www.frac.info/). Fungicides with a different group number are suitable to alternate in a resistance management program. In California, make no more than one application of fungicides with mode of action Group numbers 1, 4, 9, 11, or 17 before rotating to a fungicide with a different mode of action Group number; for fungicides with other Group numbers, make no more than two consecutive applications before rotating to fungicide with a different mode of action Group number.
2 Fruit brown rot treatments for fungicides in FRAC Groups 1,2, 3, 17, 7/11 are improved with the addition of 2% light summer oil. The oil is "light" summer oil (1-2% vol/vol). If applied in summer, fruit will loose their waxy bloom and look red. They will dry to normal color.
3Strains of Monilinia fructicola and M. laxa resistant to Topsin-M and T-Methyl have been reported in some California prune orchards. No more than two applications of Topsin-M or T-Methyl should be made each year. Resistant strains of the jacket rot fungus, Botrytis cinerea, and powdery mildew fungi have been reported in California on crops other than almond and stone fruits and may have the potential to develop in prune with overuse of fungicides with similar chemistry. Subpopulations of both Monilinia spp. have been shown to be resistant to AP (FRAC 9) fungicides on prune in CA.
4To reduce the risk of resistance development start treatments with a fungicide with a multi-site mode of action; rotate or mix fungicides with different mode of action FRAC numbers for subsequent applications, use labeled rates (preferably the upper range), and limit the total number of applications/season.
5Blossom blight only; not registered for use after petal fall.
6High summer temperatures and relative humidity reduce efficacy.
7Registered for use on fresh prunes only.
8Do not use in combination with or shortly before or after oil treatment.
9 Do not use after jacket (shuck) split.
10 Do not use sulfur, captan, or chlorothalonil in combination with or shortly before or after oil treatment.
11 Quash, Elite, Tebuzol, Gem, Scala and Pristine are registered for plums and prunes (dried plum) in California.

PRUNE (DRIED PLUM): TREATMENT TIMING

Note: Timings listed are effective but not all may be required for disease control. Timings used will depend upon orchard history of disease, length of bloom, and weather conditions each year.

Disease Green bud White bud Full bloom May June July
Brown rot1 +++ +++ +++ ---- + ++
Russet scab2 ---- ---- +++ ---- ---- ----
Rust3 ---- ---- ---- + ++ +++
 
Rating: +++ = most effective, ++ = moderately effective, + = least effective, and ---- = ineffective
1 Flowers are susceptible beginning with the emergence of the sepals (green bud) until the petals fall but are most susceptible when open.
2 A physiological disorder; no pathogens involved.
3 More severe when late spring rains occur.

[Precautions]

PUBLICATION

[UC Peer Reviewed]

UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Prune
UC ANR Publication 3464
General Information
Adaskaveg, J. E., B. A. Holtz, T. J. Michailides, and W. D. Gubler. 2013. Efficacy and Timing of Fungicides, Bactericides, and Biologicals for Deciduous Tree Fruit, Nut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops (PDF)

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